With funding from the U.S. Department of Energy and California Energy Commission, California’s major regions are assembling PEV Readiness plans. The Luskin Center is the prime research contractor for the Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG) as it undertakes its PEV readiness activities in conjunction with the South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD) and the South Bay Cities and Western Riverside councils of governments. The Center is providing the major analytics required to understand and plan for PEV demand and driving and charging behavior in the six-county region. In particular, this research is aimed at informing the strategic development of public and other charging infrastructure necessary to effectively support a transition to PEVs in Southern California. Additional related projects include examining PEV parking policies.
1. Southern California Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness Planning
South Bay Cities Plug-in Electric Vehicle Deployment Plan (full report)
Authors: J.R. DeShazo, Ayala Ben-Yehuda, Norman Wong and Alex Turek
Western Riverside Plug-in Electric Vehicle Deployment Plan (full report)
Authors: J.R. DeShazo, Ayala Ben-Yehuda, Norman Wong and Vicky Hsu
The Southern California Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness Plan and Atlas will help nearly 200 cities assess their PEV readiness and meet demand for PEV charging. The Southern California PEV Readiness Plan develops methods for:
The Plan also describes how the cost of PEV charging can be driven down by reforming municipal and county permitting processes, building codes, zoning and parking regulations.
The Southern California PEV Atlas provides a comprehensive series of neighborhood maps that characterize PEV ownership by neighborhood and project PEV ownership growth by council of government and utility service areas. Using a regional travel model, the Atlas also estimates time-of-day proximity of PEVs to charging opportunities at workplaces and retail centers. The Atlas maps additional charging opportunities at multi-unit dwellings and parking facilities.
Funding for both the Plan and the Atlas were provided by the Southern California Association of Governments, the South Coast Air Quality Management District and the U.S. Department of Energy.
Early Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales: Trends, Forecasts, and Determinants (full report)
Authors: Brett Williams, J.R. DeShazo and Ayala Ben-Yehuda
Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) will be sold by all major automakers in California in the 2010–2014 timeframe. Policymakers would like to know how many and what type of PEVs will be sold over the coming decade so that PEV Readiness efforts by local governments can be synchronized with regional market growth. One concern is whether consumer demand for PEVs will be constrained by automaker supply of these vehicles. We explore past sales trends and summarize various PEV market penetration projections, and discuss the volume of PEVs required to comply with Zero Emission Vehicle regulations.
2. Electric Vehicles and Subsidized Parking: Policy Brief for City of Los Angeles City Council (executive summary)
Author: David Peterson
This policy brief recommends the City of Los Angeles City Council to subsidize parking prices while PEVs are parked and charging, and to charge unsubsidized parking prices when not charging, or when the charge is complete. This early market stage strategy encourages use of public charging stations, but discourages overuse. The addition of time limits and elimination of parking subsidies would need to be considered when the market matures.
3. Financial Viability of Non-Residential Electric Vehicle Charging Stations (w/UCLA Anderson School of Management) (full report)
Authors: Daniel Chang, Daniel Erstad, Ellen Lin, Alicia Falken Rice, Chia Tzun Goh, An-An (Angel) Tsao
Studies show that most PEV charging currently takes place in the home. In order for PEVs to gain widest consumer adoption, it is critical for an infrastructure of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) to exist outside the home. This report analyzes the financial viability of non-residential PEV charging stations in the Los Angeles metro area.